The states of affairs which do exist could have been otherwise.This means that states of affairs are either actual (existent) or possible.Considered by some to be the greatest philosopher of the 20th century, Ludwig Wittgenstein played a central, if controversial, role in 20th-century analytic philosophy.He continues to influence current philosophical thought in topics as diverse as logic and language, perception and intention, ethics and religion, aesthetics and culture.
Russell wrote, upon meeting Wittgenstein: “An unknown German appeared …
Still, it is commonly acknowledged that the early Wittgenstein is epitomized in his .
By showing the application of modern logic to metaphysics, via language, he provided new insights into the relations between world, thought and language and thereby into the nature of philosophy.
Marie Mc Ginn provides a clear, comprehensive, and original interpretation of Wittgenstein's Tractatus and of its relation to Wittgenstein's later work.
The Tractatus is one of the most famous works of early analytic philosophy, the interpretation of which has always been a matter for controversy and is currently the focus for an important philosophical debate.